As opposed to threat that is realistic symbolic risk might be posed by both lesbians and gay males.

As opposed to threat that is realistic symbolic risk might be posed by both lesbians and gay males.

Symbolic risk (Stephan & Stephan, 2000) defines just exactly how perceptions of an out-group’s various philosophy, attitudes, morals, criteria, and values can result in undesired changes in the system that is in-group’s of and tradition. Inside this framework, observed variations in the out-group’s worldview (e.g., values, traditions, or traditions) represent symbolic threats towards the in-group’s worldview (Stephan, Diaz-Loving, & Duran, 2000; Stephan & Stephan, 2000). A sensed danger sets the phase for antipathy toward the out-group (Esses, Haddock, & Zanna, 1993; Stephan & Stephan, 2000).

Such perceptions are specially most most most likely among African US heterosexual ladies who, general to White ladies, may see both lesbians and homosexual guys as an even more significant symbolic hazard to their tradition.

For instance, some African Us citizens may worry that homosexuality inside their community represents a hazard to conventional values ( e.g., notions of family members, manhood, ethical sexuality) as embodied by African American religious organizations, for instance the African American church additionally the country of Islam (Rhue & Rhue, 1997).…